What you need to know about the 2020 State of the Union speech


WASHINGTON (JTA) – President Donald Trump’s reelection campaign is now in overdrive, judging by the way he turned much of this year’s State of the Union into a campaign pitch.

“We are moving forward at a pace that was unimaginable just a short time ago, and we are never going back!” he said during the speech Tuesday.

In an unusually partisan address, Trump lashed out at the administration of his predecessor, President Barack Obama, and took shots at the social democracy embraced by one of his potential Democratic rivals, Sen. Bernie Sanders. There were rehearsed surprises redolent of the reality TV that earned Trump much of his fame; moments of real drama; and a complete absence of discussion of Trump’s soon-to-conclude impeachment trial.

And there were a few moments of Jewish significance, from the Middle East peace plan the president unveiled last week to an unusual disruption to what went unsaid. Here’s what you need to know.

One sentence about Israel: Three times on Tuesday night, Trump conjugated “fail” to ding the Obama administration. One of those occasions was when he touted the peace vision that his son-in-law, Jared Kushner, rolled out last week at the White House, with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in attendance.

“Last week, I announced a groundbreaking plan for peace between Israel and the Palestinians,” Trump said. “Recognizing that all past attempts have failed, we must be determined and creative in order to stabilize the region and give millions of young people the change to realize a better future.”

It’s been critical for Kushner and Trump to note that the plan, which sanctions Israel’s partial annexation of the West Bank, comes in the place of failed initiatives by Presidents Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Barack Obama. The plan, so far, is stuck in neutral, with the Palestinians rejecting it outright and Israeli action likely delayed until after next month’s elections.

Bipartisan applause for Iran intervention: Trump celebrated his administration’s most notable kill, the assassination in December of Qassem Soleimani, the top Iranian general. That brought one of the rare moments of applause from both sides of the aisle.

Trump also extended the possibility of peace with Iran, as long as the country capitulates to his demand that it kill its nuclear program entirely (Iran insists it is not a weapons program) and end its adventurism.

“The Iranian regime must abandon its pursuit of nuclear weapons, stop spreading terror, death and destruction, and start working for the good of its own people,” Trump said. “Because of our powerful sanctions, the Iranian economy is doing very poorly. We can help them make it very good in a short period of time, but perhaps they are too proud or too foolish to ask for that help.”

The overture to Iran, however cautious, fit into an overarching theme of the foreign policy portion of Trump’s speech: the need to end U.S. involvement in overseas conflicts. “It is also not our function to serve other nations as a law enforcement agency,” Trump said. “These are warfighters, the best in the world, and they either want to fight to win or not fight at all.”

Support for private schools: One rehearsed surprise reality TV-friendly moments came when Trump announced that Janiyah Davis, a fourth-grader from Philadelphia who was present, would receive an “Opportunity Scholarship,” money to attend whichever schools she prefers, public or private.

Trump used the moment to tout his administration’s signature education legislation, a bill that would expand the scholarships, music to the ears of many Orthodox Jews who favor increased public funding of Jewish day schools. That legislation, which has not advanced in any of the years Trump has urged Congress to act on it, would create a national version of programs that exist already in 18 states.

Trump also declared that he would protect “the Constitutional right to pray in public schools,” but mentioned only Christian symbols, such as crosses. A Jewish parent in the 1960s spearheaded the case that led the Supreme Court to restrict organized school prayer.

Renewed attacks on undocumented immigrants: A big chunk of Trump’s speech was a vivid and grim depiction of migrants as criminal threats. He was touting a Republican bill that would allow victims to sue cities that had offered sanctuary to migrants who go on to commit crimes. “The United States of America should be a sanctuary for law-abiding Americans – not criminal aliens!” Trump said.

Jewish groups, particularly HIAS and T’ruah, have been at the forefront of the sanctuary movement since Trump first cracked down on undocumented migrants. They note that the crimes cited by Trump and his aides are not representative of a population numbering in the millions.

Disruption by a grieving Jewish father: When Trump spoke about protecting the Second Amendment, which guarantees the right to bear arms, one person in attendance shouted out and was quickly escorted from the room.

That person was Fred Guttenberg, the father of Jaime Guttenberg, one of 17 students and teachers murdered during the school shooting two years ago in Parkland, Florida. Guttenberg, who has dedicated himself to protesting for gun safety, had been present as a guest of U.S. House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi.

“Tonight was a rough night. I disrupted the State of The Union and was detained because I let my emotions get the best of me.” Guttenberg later wrote on Twitter.

“That said, I should not have yelled out. I am thankful for the overwhelming support that I am receiving. However, I do owe my family and friends an apology.”

What went unmentioned: Jewish defense groups say anti-Semitic expression has spiked; there were two violent attacks in New Jersey and New York in the final weeks of 2019. Yet anti-Semitism went unmentioned.

“We were disappointed that the president did not acknowledge the alarming rise of anti-Semitism in the United States,” B’nai B’rith International said in a statement that praised Trump’s foreign policy initiatives.